Importance of B Tech Projects

Commander Veerendra k Jaitly

The world has become a global village. The barriers of boundaries have been practically bulldozed for the transfer of information from any part of the world to any other part. Distances have also become irrelevant and the trade barriers are also being reduced or removed completely. Globalization of trade and economy are taking deep roots in most developing countries also. There is a requirement of quality human resources, which can respond to the emerging global environment. The knowledge work force in particular has a vital role to play in the emergence of the global digital economy.

There is a growing demand of BPOs (Business Process Outsourcing), KPOs (Knowledge Process Outsourcing) and ESOs (Engineering Services Outsourcing). Demand in the manufacturing and infrastructure sectors has also increased. IITs in India may be getting the cream as input and producing equally good engineers and technologists but as per a NASCOMM study, 75% of the engineers coming from other colleges are not employable. The demand for worldclass quality professionals far exceeds the supply. The temporary lull in the recruitment market is not likely to continue for a long time. Indian Economy is likely to bounce back to plus 9% growth of GDP within next 2 years, Therewill be a growing need of technical manpower that will not only get absorbed by the domestic market but will also be welcomed globally.

Any good academic council of an institution can ensure following six academic essential inputs: Excellent Faculty, Motivated Students, Good Academic and Physical Infrastructure, Modern and Up-To-Date Curricula, Interactive Teaching/Learning Processes and Purposeful and Supportive Environment. The one thing that the institute can’t do is the exposure of industrial live projects to its students. Institute also can’t give the shop floor experience to its students despite having the best laboratories. The best of the faculty members in colleges normally lack the industrial experience.

These inadequacies in the acade-mic system result into the gap that exists between what the industry expects from the young professio-nals and what the colleges produce. The onlyway this gap can be reduced is by having a meaningful, long term partner-ship between the industry and the academic institutions. This will create an institutionalized mech-anism for continuously reviewing and upgrading curricula also to remain abreast with new knowle-dge technology and skills that are required by the industry and this will enable institutions to stay globally competitive The Final Year B.Tech project should entirely be a responsibility of the industry and it should be directly related to a live actual industrial scenario. The guide for the project could be the prospective immediate boss of the student. The industry should tentatively select the B.Tech students for employ-ment during the last two months of the pre-final year. The students can start working on the industrial projects while still in college and may use the 6 month’s industrial attachment period to further give final shape to their project. These projects should be relevant to the industry and based on the practical problems the unit is having or to improve upon the ex I sting pro  cesses/ methodology.


Colleges can follow the concept of two guides for every project: One from the college and the other from the industry. Weekly /monthly progress meetings between the two guides and the team of students should be carried out. These could be through audio/video conferences which is very common these days in the industry. Minutes of these meetings should be recorded and progress should be monitored as we do in the industry. Colleges must encourage their students to use Project Manage-ment tools to Plan, Execute and Monitor their projects.

All this will create a paradigm shift in which projects are handled at the college level and the industry level. A seriousness about the quality of the projects is a must to ensure that all the stakeholders namely the students, college and the industry gain. Only then the so called gap between the requirements of the industry and the output from the colleges can be reduced. Industry will not have to wait for a minimum of six months for these fresh graduates to become productive. They shall become employable from the Day One, the day they join industry.


The way ahead is that enginee-ring colleges and the industry should join hands. Organizations like CII, FICCI, ASSOCHAM and State level industrial bodies can play a great role in this direction. Engineering colleges should create a close liaison with their alumni and seek their help for these industrial projects. Senior alumni can play the role of industry mentors for the students who are still in college and take the responsibility of guiding them for their projects. So a multi pronged approach will have to be taken to ensure that majority of the B.Tech projects do achieve what they are supposed to accomplish.  A system like this will produce graduates who are confident when they leave the portals of their college/university and enter the harsh and unforgiving industrial environment.


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