Reliable Communication over Optical Fading Channels

In free space optical communication links, atmospheric turbulence causes random fluctuations in the refractive index of air at optical wavelengths, which in turn cause random fluctuations in the intensity and phase of a propagating optical signal. These intensity fluctuations, termed “fading,” can lead to an increase in link error probability, thereby degrading communication performance. Two techniques are suggested to combat the detrimental effects of fading, viz., (a) estimation of channel fade and use of these estimates at the transmitter or receiver; and (b) use of multiple transmitter and receiver elements. In this thesis, we consider several key issues concerning reliable transmission


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